More than 4.3 million people are receiving temporary protection in an unprecedented humanitarian effort.

On May 31, 2024, around 4.3 million non-European Union (EU) citizens who fled Ukraine due to the Russian aggression war had temporary protection status in the EU.

As of the end of May 2024, the EU countries with the highest number of beneficiaries of temporary protection from Ukraine were Germany, with 1,332,515 people (31.3% of the total EU), Poland, with 953,255 people (22.4%), and Czechia, with 356,405 people (8.4%).

Compared to the end of April 2024, the largest absolute increases in the number of beneficiaries were seen in Germany (+14,250; +1.1%), Czechia (+11,000; +3.2%), and Romania (+3,715; +2.4%). On the other hand, a decrease was recorded in three EU countries: France (-1,005; -1.6%), Poland (-675; -0.1%), and Latvia (-15; -0.03%).

Looking at the number of beneficiaries per thousand inhabitants in each EU country, the highest figures at the end of May 2024 were recorded in Czechia (32.9), Lithuania (27.2), and Poland (25.9). At the EU level, this figure was 9.5 beneficiaries per thousand people.

On May 31, 2024, Ukrainian citizens accounted for over 98% of the beneficiaries of temporary protection. In terms of demographics, almost half of the beneficiaries of temporary protection in the EU were adult women (45.6%), while children made up almost a third (32.5%) and adult men comprised just over a fifth (21.9%) of the total.

The data presented refers to the granting of temporary protection status based on Council Implementing Decision 2022/382 of March 4, 2022, which established the existence of a massive influx of displaced people from Ukraine due to the Russian aggression war. This decision resulted in the introduction of temporary protection.

On June 25, 2024, the European Council agreed to extend temporary protection for these individuals, extending its validity from March 4, 2025, to March 4, 2026.

Referrer: MiMub in Spanish

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